Toronto is the largest city in Canada.


In recent years, the city has undergone a renaissance, transforming from a commercial port and industrial hub, to a high-tech and service-based economy. The population and number of jobs in the city are booming. The city's construction rates are unparalleled by any city in North America.

As a result of this transformation, Toronto and the surrounding region are facing tremendous pressure on infrastructure, and the provision of affordable housing and community amenities, mobility services and more.


Explore our Toronto Region Urbanism City Guide which describes how the city is managing this transformation and evolving into one of the most livable cities in the world. 





  • Population of Toronto: 2.93 million

  • Population of the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area: 6.95 million

  • Population density: Ranges from 94-63,000 people/km2

on the ground tours

Recommended Reading​ & Listening:


This open-source map was generously supported by ULI Toronto.

Authors and Contributors

  • Pheobe Chow, University of Toronto

  • Kelly Hui, University of Toronto

  • Chantal Lee, University of Toronto

  • Travis Van Wyck, University of Toronto

  • Sarah Marchionda, MCIP RPP, Pop Cities
  • City of Hamilton
  • City of Markham
  • City of Toronto
  • City of Vaughan
  • Avison Young
  • BentallGreenOak
  • Brookfield Property Group
  • Cadillac Fairview
  • Colliers Project Leaders
  • EllisDon
  • Jane's Walk Toronto
  • Hullmark
  • Kilmer Group
  • Manulife Investment Management
  • Multiplex
  • Oxford Properties Group
  • PortsToronto
  • Quadrangle
  • Sasaki Associates, Inc.
  • The Daniels Corporation
  • Waterfront Toronto

Year published: 2020

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